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Learn Oracle | How to use the Character Functions, Date Functions in SQL
 
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Pebbles present, Learn Oracle 10g with Step By Step Video Tutorials. Learn Oracle 10g Tutorial series contains the following videos : Learn Oracle - History of Oracle Learn Oracle - What is Oracle - Why do we need Oracle Learn Oracle - What is a Database Learn Oracle - What is Grid Computing Learn Oracle - What is Normalization Learn Oracle - What is ORDBMS Learn Oracle - What is RDBMS Learn Oracle - Alias Names, Concatenation, Distinct Keyword Learn Oracle - Controlling and Managing User Access (Data Control Language) Learn Oracle - Introduction to SQL Learn Oracle - Oracle 10g New Data Types Learn Oracle - How to Alter a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Package in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Report in SQL Plus Learn Oracle - How to Create a Table using SQL - Not Null, Unique Key, Primary Key Learn Oracle - How to Create a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Trigger in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to Delete Data from a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Drop and Truncate a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Insert Data in a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to open ISQL Plus for the first time Learn Oracle - How to Open SQL Plus for the First Time Learn Oracle - How to Update a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Aggregate Functions in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Functions in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Group By, Having Clause in SQL Learn Oracle - How to Use Joins, Cross Join, Cartesian Product in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Outer Joins (Left, Right, Full) in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the Character Functions, Date Functions in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the Merge Statement in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the ORDER BY Clause with the Select Statement Learn Oracle - How to use the SELECT Statement Learn Oracle - How to use the Transactional Control Statements in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use PL SQL Learn Oracle - Data Types in PL SQL Learn Oracle - Exception Handling in PL SQL Learn Oracle - PL SQL Conditional Logics Learn Oracle - PL SQL Cursor Types - Explicit Cursor, Implicit Cursor Learn Oracle - PL SQL Loops Learn Oracle - Procedure Creation in PL SQL Learn Oracle - Select Statement with WHERE Cause Learn Oracle - SQL Operators and their Precedence Learn Oracle - Using Case Function, Decode Function in SQL Learn Oracle - Using Logical Operators in the WHERE Clause of the Select Statement Learn Oracle - Using Rollup Function, Cube Function Learn Oracle - Using Set Operators in SQL Learn Oracle - What are the Different SQL Data Types Learn Oracle - What are the different types of Databases Visit Pebbles Official Website - http://www.pebbles.in Subscribe to our Channel – https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNNjWVsQqaMYccY044vtHJw?sub_confirmation=1 Engage with us on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/PebblesChennai Please Like, Share, Comment & Subscribe
Views: 2204 Pebbles Tutorials
Oracle TO_CHAR Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-to_char/ The Oracle TO_CHAR function is a common and useful string manipulation function. It allows you to convert a number or a date value into a string value. It allows you to take a number or a string, and convert it to a VARCHAR2 data type. The syntax of the function is: TO_CHAR( input_value, [format_mask], [nls_parameter] ) The parameters are: - input_value: this is the value to convert to a VARCHAR2 value. It can be one of many different number or date data types. - format_mask is an optional parameter and allows you to specify the format to display the output as. If this is omitted, the function uses a default format. - nls_parameter: this is also optional and lets you determine a regional parameter for displaying the output value. The format mask helps you determine what your output is displayed as. For example, if you provide the date of May 3rd, and the output is ‘03/05/2018’, how do you know if this is May 3rd or March 5th? Using a format mask can specify which format is used. The function is similar to the TO_NUMBER and TO_DATE functions, in that they both convert a specific data type. For more information about the Oracle TO_CHAR function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-to_char/
Views: 820 Database Star
Oracle - SQL - Number Functions
 
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Oracle - SQL - Number Functions Watch more Videos at https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htm Lecture By: Mr. Anadi Sharma, Tutorials Point India Private Limited.
Oracle - SQL - Character Functions
 
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Oracle - SQL - Character Functions Watch more Videos at https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htm Lecture By: Mr. Anadi Sharma, Tutorials Point India Private Limited.
Oracle Database11g tutorials 10 ||  SQL Single Row Function (SQL Functions )
 
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Single row functions Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts Email [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from The Code makers ============================================ in this oracle database tutorial we will see what are SQL FUNCTIONS. SQL functions are divided into two categories 1st is Single Row Functions And another one is Multiple row function which is also known as aggregate functions. But in today's SQL tutorial we will concentrate on Single Row Functions. Single-row functions operate on one row at a time and return one row of output for each input row. Single row functions are capable of manipulating data items and modifying the data types. Single row functions return one result per row and act on each row that is returned. Single row functions can accept one or more arguments and return one value. These arguments can be a column or an expression. With oracle we have 5 types of Single Row Functions 1. Character Functions 2. Number Functions 3. General Functions 4. Conversion Functions and 5. Date Functions. Character Functions are further divided into two categories. 1st is Case- manipulation functions and 2nd is Character Manipulation functions. We have 3 case manipulation functions Lower, upper and initcap and 7 character manipulation functions Sql functions concat, substr, length, instr, lpad, rpad, trim and replace. In our future video we will see what these functions are and what they do along with other SQL function. That's it for today's sql tutorial. Hope you enjoyed watching. Please don't forget to subscribe and like. Have a good day. This is Manish.
Views: 93322 Manish Sharma
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CHAR AND VARCHAR2 DATATYPE IN ORACLE SQL
 
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This video tutorial explains the difference between similar looking and used char datatype and varchar2 datatypes with an simple example. This video will answer the question such as how is the data internally stored differently for char and vacchar2 datatype. Also why is varchar2 much better option to be used than char data type is explained. If you want more such videos of exciting and amazing 'difference between' concepts, check out the links below : union and union all : https://youtu.be/n9FqQOd8liY replace and translate : https://youtu.be/HKYF77BGzOE procedure and function : https://youtu.be/q3LmOenL120 in and exists : https://youtu.be/REX4IjRYlFw rank and dense_rank : https://youtu.be/WGSX998hZ9M delete and truncate : https://youtu.be/u76wMm2byXo %type and %rowtype : https://youtu.be/MlLUFeZ_3eM
Views: 3074 Kishan Mashru
SQL Tutorial - 7: Data-Types in SQL (Part-2)
 
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In this tutorial we';; check out the data type options we have available for use in SQL. We'll talk about Bigint, int, smallint, tinyint, decimal, number, float, char, varchar, blob, datetime, date, time and year.
Views: 98400 The Bad Tutorials
LPAD and RPAD in Oracle SQL | Character Manipulation | Oracle Tutorial for Beginners
 
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LPAD and RPAD in Oracle SQL | Character Manipulation | Oracle Tutorial for Beginners Oracle Database Tutorial for Beginners Oracle SQL Tutorial for Beginners Oracle SQL lpad and rpad in oracle with examples Oracle Tutorial for Beginners LAPD function in Oracle RPAD function in Oracle LPAD in Oracle RPAD in Oracle lpad and rpad in oracle with examples LPAD() in Oracle RPAD() in Oracle how to use lpad and rpad at a time lpad oracle example how to use both lpad and rpad in oracle lpad in sql w3schools lpad and rpad in oracle with examples lpad in sql server lpad in oracle lpad and rpad in Oracle SQL
Views: 161 Oracle PL/SQL World
Oracle SQL Tutorial 32 - VARCHAR2 and NVARCHAR2
 
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This video we are going to discuss the VARCHAR2 and the NVARCHAR2 data types. The previous videos are a good foundation to this video. I've actually discussed so much stuff in those videos that I don’t have a whole lot to say. Good for you, right? I discussed over the previous videos that you should prefer to use VARCHAR2 over CHAR. That's because there is not a difference in performance or storage for a VARCHAR2 column. The only difference is that an CHAR column forces each value to take up a certain length even if it's not. There is one difference between the variable length and fixed length data types here that you need to know about, and that is storage limits. CHAR has a limit of 2000 bytes, while VARCHAR2 has a limit of 4000 bytes. That means you can store twice as much junk in a VARCHAR2 column! Other than that, these data types work exactly the same. I recommend you always use the VARCHAR2 data types instead of the CHAR data types, and only use NVARCHAR2 if you have a non-Unicode database. This will allow you to store Unicode characters in a column. Now, the amount of storage you can put in a VARCHAR2 column is twice what you can put in a CHAR column, but 4000 characters is still not very many characters. This is where the LOB data types come in, which we will discuss in the next video! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 5154 Caleb Curry
Oracle SQL Tutorial 25 - ASCII and Unicode
 
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In the previous video we talked about some of the most popular data types. We are going to discuss them in more detail. The data type we are going to start with is CHAR and NCHAR. I told you of both of these but I never explained the difference. That's because there is some other stuff I need to explain before I can explain the difference. This has to deal with what is known as character sets. When you have a string, there are only so many characters you are allowed to store in that string. The characters you are allowed to store is determined by what is known as the character set. A common character set is ASCII. This character set allows you to store English characters, numbers, and some symbols. ASCII started with 127 characters, and then they came out with the ASCII extended, which allows for up to 255 characters. Even with 255 characters though, we are limited in what we can store using one character set. If the computer only allows ASCII, we are going to be limited when working with different languages. Of course it works for some situations, but globalization of software has been a big thing with the development of the interwebs …and the movement towards a new world order (Revelation 13:7). That means that ASCII is no longer the best character set. It has largely been replaced with a character set known as Unicode. Oracle has a few Unicode character sets that we can use when we work with string data. When you start studying character sets, I can promise that you will run across the word encoding. Encoding refers to the way that the allowed characters can be stored on the computer. A computer doesn't just store a letter, everything has to be stored in binary. Unicode is the character set, but it has numerous different encodings. Essentially, the computer can store the same characters in multiple different ways, depending on which encoding is used. The most popular encodings for Unicode are UTF-8 and UTF-16. UTF stands for Unicode Transformation Format. In the next video we will be discussing these in detail and express their differences. Once we got that down, we'll be able to loop back around to data types. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 5469 Caleb Curry
SQL,  Oracle 4e67,  Why store numeric data as characters
 
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Why store numeric data as characters in SQL.
Views: 370 hammadshams
SQL Tutorial - 23: The LIKE Operator and Wildcard Characters
 
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In this tutorial we'll check out a few examples of the LIKE Operator along with the wildcard characters (% and _).
Views: 62021 The Bad Tutorials
Oracle SQL Tutorial 30 - UTF-8 and UTF-16 Character Sets
 
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A few videos ago we discussed UTF-8 and UTF-16 encoding, but when we are working with a database we do not worry about encodings as much as we do character sets. That's because a specific character set is going to have a specific encoding. The reason I am making this video is to introduce you to the most common character sets and to teach you the differences. That’s because as we go into the national character sets we need to understand the information taught in this video. So the first character set I am going to teach you about is AL32UTF8. AL32UTF8 is a character set that uses the uff-8 encoding and each character can take up to 4 bytes with the utf-8 encoding. There is another character set (not encoding) called utf8 (no hyphen) which is also encoded with UTF-8. This can be a little confusing because UTF8 is the name of an encoding and a character set, but bear with me. Both of these character sets are UTF-8 encoded, but UTF8 uses an older version of UTF-8 encoding. Generally, they work about the same, but the way certain characters are stored is slightly different, specifically way certain characters are stored is slightly different, specifically what are known as supplementary characters, which take up 4 bytes. The max size for a UTF8 character set is 3 bytes, as they do not directly support the supplementary characters as 4 bytes but instead store them across 2 groups of 3 bytes each. Oracle recommends that you use AL32UTF8 for all future development instead of the archaic UTF8 character set. There is another character set that you should know about, and that is AL16UTF16, which uses the UTF-16 encoding. Watch my video over UTF-8 and UTF-16 to learn more about UTF-16. Lastly, there is a character set known as UTFE, which uses an encoding known as UTF-EBCDIC. This is like a super archaic character set, and I'm not even going to talk about it. I thought I would at least mention it as it is going to come up a bit in the next video's topic. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 6563 Caleb Curry
Oracle Database11g tutorials 12 || SQL Concat Function - SQL character manipulation function
 
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Link for SQL concat function: http://www.rebellionrider.com/SQL-concat-function.htm SQL Concat function/SQL concat() function First function of SQL character manipulation function. Two have in depth knowledge of SQL concatenation operator Please watch my video on SQL concatenation Operator http://youtu.be/PYMeFe72Bas Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Link for SQL function introduction Video 10 http://youtu.be/5rx8Q4x4-qI Link SQL concat Article http://www.rebellionrider.com/SQL-concat-function.htm Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SQL Concat () function is a Character manipulation function which is a category of SQL character function. We have already discussed the intro of SQL character function in Video 10. You can find link of this video in description below. Ok let's go ahead. SQL Concat () function concatenates two separate character string into one character string. Let's see the syntax Concat (string_1 , String_2) Note here that SQL Concat function takes only two arguments at a time. This SQL Concat function will return string_1 concatenated with string_2. This also means that it will return a single string which is a combined string of parameter String_1 and String_2. Both the parameters of SQL Concat function String_1 and string_2 can be of any data-type. You can even specify the columns of the table here. SQL Concat function is equivalent to the concatenation operator (||). SQL concatenation operator is represented by double solid vertical bars or we can say double pipe signs. Question: How to concatenate more than two strings as SQL Concat that can have only 2 parameters and what is the difference between SQL Concat Function and SQL concatenation operator? The one answer for the second Question What is the Difference between SQL Concat Function and SQL concatenation operator? Is While SQL Concat function takes only two parameters, The Concat operator can be repeated as often as is necessary. Meaning, by the help of SQL Concat operator you can combine as many strings as you want. And Concatenation operator is also not supported by several databases such as SQL server so this might cause problem. To answer the first question How to concatenate more than two strings as SQL Concat that can have only 2 parameters? We will have to jump over SQL developer. Let's see some examples. Say we want to retrieve the full name of an employee from Employees table. Let's try it using SQL Concat function. SELECT Concat (first_name, last_name) AS "Full Name" FROM employees; Here in this query we use two column names - first_name and last_name as arguments of our Concat function Execute. As you can see here, we get full name of our employee but there is no space in between first name and last name. We will see how to format this string using SQL Concat function in a few seconds But before that, let's see how to do the same task using SQL concatenation operator. SELECT first_name ||last_name AS "Full name" FROM employees; As you can see this query also produces the same result. Now we will see how to format full name of employees First we will do this using SQL concatenation Operator. SELECT first_name||' '||last_name AS "Full name" FROM employees; Now you can see we get space between first name and last name of the employee. Again, let's do it using SQL Concat function. Here we will see the nested function concept where we will be using nested Concat function to achieve this formatted string. SELECT Concat (Concat (first_name, ' '), last_name) FROM employees; Inner Concat function has two parameters. These are our first column name first_name and an empty string which will be a space between first name and second name. This Concat will now return a string which is the first name with space. This returning string will be the first input of our Outer Concat and column last_name will be the second input. All together this will give us the desired output. As you can see this method is complex than the first one where we use SQL concatenation operator.
Views: 77998 Manish Sharma
11. CHAR, VARCHAR and TEXT Data Type in SQL (Hindi)
 
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Please Subscribe Channel Like, Share and Comment Visit : www.geekyshows.com
Views: 33321 Geeky Shows
Oracle || String functions Part-1 by dinesh
 
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DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS ,ADF,INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo......
Sql Training Online - Cast Function
 
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Learn about the Cast function in the SQL Language. Visit http://www.SqlTrainingOnline.com for 30 more FREE videos. The Microsoft SQL Server 2012 cast function is used to convert or change a column datatype when you are querying or filtering in a SQL statement You can visit me at any of the following: SQL Training Online: http://www.sqltrainingonline.com Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/sql_by_joey Google+: https://plus.google.com/#100925239624117719658/posts LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/joeyblue Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/sqltrainingonline
Views: 15279 Joey Blue
Oracle RPAD Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-lpad/ The Oracle RPAD function is used to add extra characters to the right of a text value. This is called “padding”, and the function is called RPAD because the R stands for “right” and it “right pads” a text value. It’s the opposite of LPAD, which pads characters to the left of the value. The RPAD function can be useful for ensuring all values are the same length, or if there is another requirement you have for adding characters to the end. The syntax is: RPAD(expr, length [,pad_expression]) The expr parameter is the text value you want to pad or add characters to. The length is the total length the expression or value will be after the padding has been done. It’s not the number of characters to add. The pad_expression is an optional field and is the character or characters to add to the right end of the string. The default value is a space. If the length specified in the function is shorter than the length of the string, then the string is truncated to meet the length. For more information about the Oracle RPAD (and LPAD) function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-lpad/
Views: 183 Database Star
CONCATENATION OPERATOR, TO_CHAR CURRENCY, MONEY SYMBOL in oracle SQL
 
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How to use concatenation operator, to_char, currency symbol, display money
Using COUNT in Other Ways (Introduction to Oracle SQL)
 
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Other ways to use the COUNT function in SQL. The full Introduction to Oracle SQL course is available here: https://www.databasestar.com/introduction-to-oracle-sql-course/
Views: 163 Database Star
SQL Tutorial : Difference Between Translate &  Replace in SQL Oracle
 
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SQL Tutorial : Difference Between Translate & Replace in SQL Oracle SQL Tutorial SQL Tutorial for beginners PLSQL Tutorial PLSQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL Tutorial
Views: 672 TechLake
Oracle - SQL - Date Functions
 
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Oracle - SQL - Date Functions Watch more Videos at https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htm Lecture By: Mr. Anadi Sharma, Tutorials Point India Private Limited.
Oracle Database11g tutorials 13 || SQL substr function / SQL substring function
 
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link of SQL substr blog : http://www.rebellionrider.com/SQL-substr-function.htm SQL substr function SQL Substr function will return a sub string of a specified length from the source string beginning at a given position. Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- As the name suggests SQL Substr function will return substring from a given source string. Let's see the Syntax Substr (source_string, start_pos, Substr_length) As we can see SQL substr function takes 3 parameters. First one is Source string from which you want to extract the segment. Second parameter is Starting position for sub string from the Source string. And the third parameter is Substr_length which is the length for the substring. First two parameters are mandatory to specify while third one is optional. So we can say. SQL Substr function will return a sub string of a specified length from the source string beginning at a given position. First parameter source string can be of any data type CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, NVARCHAR2, CLOB, or NCLOB whereas both start_pos, Substr_length parameters must be number data type. The returning result of SQL Substr function is of same data type of source string. Let's see an example of SQL Substr function. SELECT substr('www.RebellionRider.com',5,14) FROM dual; Here in this query url of my website www.RebellionRider.com is our source string with the total length of 22 characters, Now, I want to extract the name of my website that is, RebellionRider. So if you count the total length of the name of the website, it is 14. That's why I have specified 14 as my third parameter of SQL Substr function which is substr_length. Also the name of the website RebellionRider is starting from 5th position therefore I have specified 5 at second parameter of SQL substr function which is strt_pos or starting position. Execute it. Here is our result RebellionRider When starting position is larger than the length of source string. In this case SQL Substr function will return NULL as a result. Let's do an example. SELECT substr('www.RebellionRider.com',23,14) FROM dual; As you can see here I have specified 23 at starting position and the total length of our source string is 22 characters Let's execute And the result is Null. Second scenario When the Substr_length is greater than source string In this case the segment return is the substring from starting position to the end of the string. For example SELECT substr('www.RebellionRider.com',5,23) FROM dual; Our starting position is at 5 means at the first R of RebellionRider and length of substring is set to 23 which is greater than the length of source string that is 22. Execute. As you can see we get a substring from first R of RebellionRider till the end of the source String. Third scenario When you supply numeric or arithmetic expression or a DATE instead of character as Source string to SQL Substr function In this scenario If you have supplied a numeric string instead of character as source string, the oracle engine casts them as a character when they occur as parameter to SQL Substr function. And if you have supplied Arithmetic expression or a DATE then The Oracle engine first solves or evaluates the Arithmetic expression or the DATE Then casts them as a character. Means if you have arithmetic expression in your source string then oracle will first solve it and then change or say cast the value of its result into character. Let's see some example. SELECT substr(50000-7,2,4) FROM dual; Oracle first evaluates the arithmetic expression that is 50000-7 equals to 49993. And then oracle engine casts this result 49993 into a character string. Means 49993 will be a 5 characters string. Starting position of substring is 2, that means from the first 9 of 49993 We specified the length of substring is 4 so we must get 9993 as our result. Let's check execute
Views: 79894 Manish Sharma
TO CHAR Function with Numbers: SQL Tutorial 44
 
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Please watch: "Install Oracle Database 12c Release 2 on Windows 10 Professional 64 bit" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5705VFJmku0 -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 50 Solution Wizard
Oracle SQL Tutorial 11 - CREATE TABLE
 
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The way you create a table is to use the CREATE TABLE command. CREATE TABLE users() So in this situation, the name comes right after the TABLE keyword. The next thing we do is put all of the columns on a line that we want to put in our table. CREATE TABLE users( user_id, username, first_name, last_name ) Notice the naming conventions here. For this series we are going to make columns with what is known as snake casing. This is where each individual word is separated by an underscore. if you have more than one column, all of them have to have commas except the last one. The comma is a way to say that another column is coming, so you don't need to do it on the last one. Now you would think we were done, but we also have to say what data type each column is. Later we will extensively discuss data types so we can focus on them exclusively. For now, here are the data types we are going to use: CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50), first_name VARCHAR2(50), last_name VARCHAR2(50) ) Now, inside of the parenthesis for varchar2, we pass in a number... This is the max length of the string. But the question is, what is it measured in? The default is actually in bytes, not characters. For example if we have the string hello, it is 5 characters, but it might take up a total of 10 bytes of storage. So I would recommend adding the keyword char right after the number so it defaults to 50 characters, not bytes. CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR(50 CHAR), first_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), last_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) ) This will work to create a table, but it's really missing a lot of information… which column is the primary key? Are we adding any indexes? Is there any thing else we need to say about these columns? So as you can tell, we are making progress, but there is still so much to learn. The biggest gotcha to remember from this video is that the data type VARCHAR ends in a 2, stupid, right? who would end the name of something with a 2? Once again, this is Caleb from CalebTheVideoMaker2, and we will catch you in the next one! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ HELP ME! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 32282 Caleb Curry
Sql query to select all names that start with a given letter without like operator
 
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Text Article http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2017/01/sql-query-to-select-all-names-that.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2017/01/sql-query-to-select-all-names-that_31.html SQL Server Interview Questions and Answers text articles & slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/sql-server-interview-questions-and.html SQL Server Interview Questions and Answers playlist https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6n9fhu94yhXcztdLO7i6mdyaegC8CJwR All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists In this video we will discuss writing a SQL query to retrieve all student names that start with letter 'M' without using the LIKE operator. If the interviewer has not mentioned not to use LIKE operator, we would have written the query using the LIKE operator as shown below. SELECT * FROM Students WHERE Name LIKE 'M%' We can use any one of the following 3 SQL Server functions, to achieve exactly the same thing. CHARINDEX LEFT SUBSTRING The following 3 queries retrieve all student rows whose Name starts with letter 'M'. Notice none of the queries are using the LIKE operator. SELECT * FROM Students WHERE CHARINDEX('M',Name) = 1 SELECT * FROM Students WHERE LEFT(Name, 1) = 'M' SELECT * FROM Students WHERE SUBSTRING(Name, 1, 1) = 'M'
Views: 57111 kudvenkat
Oracle Database11g tutorials 5   How to use Concatenation operator, character String
 
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How to use Concatenation operator, character String!!!!!!
Views: 98 Quick Solution
Oracle SQL Character Conversion Functions
 
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Character conversion functions in Oracle SQL 11g
Views: 208 Prasad Hommaradi
Oracle SQL Tutorial 24 - Important Data Types
 
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In the upcoming videos we are going to discuss data types in depth, but I don't want to drown you in all of the details. Because of that, I'm giving you this video which is going to introduce you to the most important data types. Then, in the upcoming videos, I'll describe them in more depth. One of the data types we've already discussed in this video is NUMBER. This data type is used to, obviously, store a number. It can be used to store integers (whole numbers), or numbers with decimals. There are two other numeric data types you should know of. BINARY_FLOAT and BINARY_DOUBLE are both numeric data types that are known as floating point numbers. A floating point number is often used for large numbers that have decimal places where it is acceptable to not be completely precise. What I mean by this is that these numbers can only store numbers correctly up to a certain decimal point. If you need perfect precision, you will want to use the NUMBER data type. Now storing numbers is good sometimes, but occasionally you will want to store string data. String data can be any sequence of characters, including numbers. By telling the database that a column is a string data type, the database knows how to treat that column. There are four important string data types that you need to know about. The first two are CHAR and NCHAR. These data types are used to store a fixed-length string. So for example, you can say you want to store 12 characters. This means that every value for this column will be exactly 12 characters. If you insert less than 12 characters, the data will be padded with spaces. This means you will want to use one of these data types when every value in the column is the same length. What is the difference between CHAR and NCHAR? CHAR uses what is known as ASCII while NCHAR uses Unicode. The difference is what characters are allowed and how much space each character takes. ASCII takes up less space but only supports English, numbers, and some symbols. UNICODE allows you to store characters from multiple languages but takes up more space. Those were both fixed-length string. What if you want to store data that changes in length? That is where VARCHAR2 and NVARCHAR2 come in. When it comes to storing dates, the data types that are most important are DATE and TIMESTAMP. Date can be used to store dates and time. Timestamp is a data type that can be used to store an exact moment in time. Lastly, there are interval types. These store a date range. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 6076 Caleb Curry
ORACLE  SQL Coding Lesson 3 in Jinghpaw Language - More Character and Numeric Functions
 
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SQL Coding Lesson 3 in Jinghpaw Language - Lessons Continued. Please watch in HD mode for better video quality. --numeric functions SELECT ABS(12) FROM DUAL; SELECT ABS(-12.65) FROM DUAL; SELECT CEIL(48.99) FROM DUAL; SELECT CEIL(48.11) FROM DUAL; SELECT FLOOR(49.99) FROM DUAL; SELECT FLOOR(49.11) FROM DUAL; SELECT ROUND(49.11321,2) FROM DUAL; SELECT ROUND(49.11321,3) FROM DUAL; SELECT POWER(4,2) FROM DUAL; SELECT POWER(3,4) FROM DUAL; SELECT MOD(4,2) FROM DUAL; SELECT MOD(5051,100) FROM DUAL; select greatest(34,567,290,86) from dual; select least(34,567,290,86) from dual; select INSTR('Tech on the net', 'e') from dual; select INSTR('Tech on the net', 'e', 1, 1) from dual; select TRIM(' tech ') from dual; select TRIM(' ' FROM ' tech ') from dual; select TRIM(LEADING '0' FROM '000123') from dual; select TRIM(BOTH '1' FROM '123Tech111') from dual; select GREATEST(2, 5, 12, 3) from dual; select GREATEST('2', '5', '12', '3') from dual; select GREATEST('apples', 'oranges', 'bananas') from dual; select LEAST('2', '5', '12', '3') from dual; --null select (9000*null) from dual; select (null/9000) from dual; select (9000-null) from dual; select (9000+null) from dual; select distinct department_id from employees where commission_pct is not null; select last_name,job_id,coalesce(department_id,0) as dept,salary,commission_pct,coalesce(commission_pct,0) as comm_not_null, salary*commission_pct as multiplied_by_null, salary*coalesce(commission_pct,0) as commission_amt, salary+ (salary*coalesce(commission_pct,0)) as salary_plus_comm from employees where commission_pct is not null or department_id=20 order by dept; desc locations; select coalesce(postal_code,city,STATE_PROVINCE,COUNTRY_ID) as new_address,postal_code,city,STATE_PROVINCE,COUNTRY_ID from locations where COUNTRY_ID in ('JP','IT','UK'); --add more departments SELECT first_name ||'.'||last_name as "Employee Name",department_id, CASE when department_id in (10) THEN 'Accounting' WHEN department_id in (20) THEN 'Research' -- WHEN commission_pct is not null THEN 'Sales' WHEN department_id in (30) THEN 'Operations' ELSE 'Unknown' END department FROM employees ORDER BY first_name ||'.'||last_name ; SELECT last_name, department_id, DECODE( department_id ,10 ,'Accounting' ,20 ,'Research' ,30 ,'Sales' ,40 ,'Operations' ,'Unknown') department FROM employees ORDER BY last_name; select country_id,decode(country_id,'BR','Southern Hemisphere', 'AU','Southern Hemisphere', 'Northen Hemisphere') hemisphere from locations order by hemisphere; --set define on; select 'Coke & Popcorn' from dual; --upper,lower,coalesce and null select upper('sql') from dual; select lower('SQL') from dual; select initcap('sql') from dual; Select * from employees where email like '%SON'; Select * from employees where lower(email) like '%son'; Select * from employees where upper(last_name) like '%SON'; Select * from employees where lower(job_id) ='pu_clerk'; Select * from employees where initcap(email) ='Sbaida'; select * from employees where substr(phone_number,1,3) eq '515'; select * from employees where substr(phone_number,1,3) ne '515'; select * from employees where last_name gt 'King'; select * from employees where hire_date lt '01-JAN-1992'; --special character select * from jobs where job_id like 'SA\_%' escape '\'; select * from jobs where job_id like 'SA$_%' escape '$'; --translate, replace --( string1, string_to_replace, replacement_string ) select TRANSLATE('1tech23', '123', '456') from dual; select phone_number,translate(phone_number,'.','-') as modified_phnum from employees where rownum le 10; select job_id,translate(job_id,'_','&') as modified_phnum from employees where rownum le 10; select phone_number,translate(phone_number,'515','415') as modified_phnum from employees where rownum le 5; select phone_number,REPLACE(phone_number,'515','415') as modified_phnum from employees where rownum le 5; select REPLACE('123123tech', '123') from dual; select REPLACE('123tech123', '123') from dual; select REPLACE('222tech', '2', '3') from dual;
Views: 43 Hkau Doi
Oracle SQL Tutorial 23 - Intro to Data Types
 
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Every column within a table has to be given what is known as a datatype. A data type is a fairly simple concept when you dissect the word. It is literally the type of data. Why do we use types, though? The biggest benefit is so that Oracle knows how to interpret and work with our data. It also makes the database better at rejecting incorrect data. If we had to concept of a data type, there would be a lot more work involved in forcing data to be of the right format. It would also be harder for us to get the database to treat the data in the correct way. In addition to this, a database can optimize storage and performance for a column if everything is of the same data type. Because of this, each column can only support one data type. There are numerous different data types in Oracle and it helps us if we categorize them. The first types of datatypes we should learn about are: String, Numeric, Temporal Now, there are few more categories we could make, but these are the main ones. We will worry about the other ones another day as I am only introducing the topic. A string data type is anything within quotes. Most databases use single quotes for string data. Inside of the quotes can be any number of characters. What is a character? Think of any letter, number, or symbol you can type. Some people call these letters, numbers, and symbols alphanumeric. Numeric data type includes only numbers. These data types are often used for data that you plan on using for mathematical calculations. Temporal data types are data types that are used for dates and times. Now, each data type is probably going to have some options you'll need to worry about, but one that comes up with every data type is storage. The reason we need to consider storage is because we may end up with millions of rows in a table and the difference between a few bytes for each row will make a huge difference when we look at the whole picture. When a data type gives you the option of size, you will want to a size that will be able to hold what you need, but nothing more. In the upcoming videos we are going to discuss the available data types in more detail. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 7284 Caleb Curry
How to return multiple values from a function in oracle pl/sql ? (without using out parameter)
 
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This video demonstrates how a function can return multiple values to the calling environment, but without using multiple out parameters, the video shows an example on how we can create a object, a nested table based on the object and then returning the nested table type from the function.
Views: 18570 Kishan Mashru
Oracle INSTR Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-instr/ The Oracle INSTR function allows you to search a string for the occurrence of another string, and return the position of the occurrence within a string. It’s helpful for finding if a string exists within another string. It can also be used for performing further string manipulation on, like substrings. The syntax of the INSTR function is: INSTR(string, substring [, start_position [, occurrence]]) These parameters are: string: The text string that is searched in. It’s usually the larger of the two strings. Mandatory. substring: The text to search for. It’s usually the smaller of the two strings. Mandatory. start_position: This is an integer value which indicates where in the string value to start the search. Optional, and the default is 1. occurrence: The occurrence of the substring to search for. Optional, and the default is 1, which means the first occurrence. Also, the searches performed by the INSTR function are case-sensitive. The value returned by INSTR is a number value, which is the number in the location of the string where the substring is found. The first character is 1. For more information about the Oracle INSTR function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-instr/
Views: 4745 Database Star
ORACLE PL/SQL INTERVIEW : REVERSE NUMBER STRING PROGRAM
 
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This video tutorial demonstrates on the oracle pl/sql interview question of reversing a number string without using the reverse function, the video explains a very simple and generic approach that can be used to solve this question.
Views: 3408 Kishan Mashru
SQL - Example using REPLACE
 
01:28
Using REPLACE in SQL to remove characters or replace one character with another.
Views: 7971 JamesThomasChannel
How to convert number to text in Oracle SQL
 
06:02
How to convert number to text in Oracle SQL
Views: 459 Tanmun
Oracle Character Manipulation | REVERSE | LENGTH Functions | Oracle Tutorial for Beginners
 
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Oracle Character Manipulation | REVERSE | LENGTH Functions | Oracle Tutorial for Beginners Oracle Tutorial for Beginners Oracle Tutorial for Beginners Oracle LENGTH Function Oracle REVERSE Functions Oracle SQL Tutorials for Beginners Oracle tutorials Oracle Character Manipulation Oracle Character Manipulation Character Manipulation Oracle 12c Oracle 18c Oracle In built Functions Oracle LENGTH() Oracle REVERSE() reversing string in oracle without using reverse function query to reverse a string in oracle how to reverse a string in oracle sql without using reverse function substr oracle reverse string using substr in oracle instr in oracle reverse function in oracle how to reverse a string in sql without using reverse function
Views: 174 Oracle PL/SQL World
Oracle SQL Generate Random Alphanumeric String
 
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In this video, you’ll learn how to generate random alphanumeric characters in an SQL statement in Oracle SQL You can use Oracle SQL to generate random alphanumeric string values by using one of the built-in functions. This function allows you to specify the type of string to generate - upper or lowercase alpha characters only, mixed alpha characters, uppercase alphanumeric characters, or any printable characters. You can also specify the length of the string to generate, This can be a fixed number, or you can use another function to generate a random number to use for the length! You’ll see some examples of generating random alphanumeric string values in this video. For more information and tips on Oracle SQL, check out DatabaseStar.com: https://www.databasestar.com/
Views: 289 Database Star
ORACLE SQL NUMERIC FUNCTIONS
 
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This video shows Oracle numeric function.
Views: 1568 SQL TUTORIALS
Oracle SQL Tutorial 27 - CHAR Part 1
 
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This video and the next is going to cover CHAR and NCHAR. Be sure to check out the previous two videos as these are going to introduce you to some foundational knowledge required to understand these data types. CHAR is a fixed-length data type. What that means is that every value for a CHAR column is going to be the same length. You specify the length in parenthesis when you create the table. The thing you need to know though is that the default measurement is in bytes. That means if you specify the length to be CHAR(50), the length of each value will be 50 bytes, by default. If you want to change that to 50 characters, you can pass in the word CHAR as in CHAR(50 CHAR). This is known as a qualifier. Specifically, they are known as length semantics qualifiers (describes the meaning of the given length). Now, I said the default was bytes, but you can actually change the default to characters. In that situation, you can actually use the keyword BYTE to break away from the default. In general, it's best to put CHAR or BYTE even if it is the default. In general, it's best to keep things consistent. It's okay to have these measured in CHAR or BYTE, but it is recommended that every column is the same. It allows you to be more consistent as if some columns measure length in bytes and some measure length in characters, things can get confusing. If you do want to change the default, look up NLS_LENGTH_SEMANTICS as well as the potential problems it may bring. What values are allowed in parenthesis? That is what we are going to discuss in the next video. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 4342 Caleb Curry
017-Oracle SQL 12c: Number functions
 
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تعلم اوراكل حتى الاحتراف تعلم اوراكل من الصفر
Views: 3650 khaled alkhudari
016-Oracle SQL 12c: Character functions
 
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تعلم اوراكل حتى الاحتراف تعلم اوراكل من الصفر
Views: 5264 khaled alkhudari
Get Decimal/Float output from Integer Division in SQL Server - SQL Server Tutorial
 
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In this video we will learn how to get decimal/float output from Integer division in SQL Server. I am creating this video to answer once of the question that I posted while back for TSQL Interview Question list "If I run Select 100/11 what output will I get?" When you divide Integer by an Integer in SQL Server, SQL Server returns Integer output. As we can see from our above example, SQL Server output is Integer for Integers division. If we want to get float or Decimal output, Either our denominator or Numerator should be float or decimal type. If we have both denominator or numerator as Integers, we can use convert or cast functions to convert one of them to float/decimal so we can get our results as float/decimal. There are multiple techniques you can use to convert/cast to integer to float/decimal, here are some examples SELECT CAST(100 AS FLOAT) /11 AS OutputResult SELECT 100/CAST(11 AS FLOAT) AS OutputResult SELECT 100/CAST(11 AS DECIMAL(12,0)) AS OutputResult SELECT CAST(100 AS DECIMAL(12,0))/11 AS OutputResult Blog post link with scripts used in the video http://sqlage.blogspot.com/2015/02/how-to-get-decimail-output-from.html
Views: 11105 TechBrothersIT
Oracle || Date functions Part-1 by dinesh
 
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DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS ,ADF,INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo......
Oracle SQL Tutorial 29 - NCHAR Part 1
 
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NCHAR is another data type available in Oracle database. This data type is very similar to the char data type with some key differences. NCHAR is also known as the national character set. This is a data type that allows us to store Unicode characters. It is really recommended that you watch the two videos over Unicode and UTF-8 because this video is going to talk a lot about it. Why is it that we have an entire data type dedicated to storing Unicode? That will be easily understood once we understand how character sets and encodings are applied to Oracle. They are applied at the database level. That means that you have a character set that applies to the entire database. This is in contrast to some database management systems that allow you to apply a data type at the table and column level. For example, in MySQL you can make a table have a character set, and make a specific column in that table a different character set. That means we can customize everything at the expense of adding potential complexity and confusion. Oracle does not work that way. In Oracle, we define one character set for the entire database. The problem with defining a character set for the entire database is that it may not be the character set we want to use for everything. That is where the NCHAR column comes in. The NCHAR column allows us to have a Unicode column inside of a database that does not use Unicode as the default character set. That is important because it is very often that we want to use Unicode but we may not need to use it for everything, for example if that application is working with ASCII nearly all of the time. If you are using Unicode for the database, then NCHAR is not going to be needed and should not be used. This data type is not as widely accepted, so only use it if you absolutely need to, specifically when you need to store Unicode in a non-Unicode database. Additionally, there is some controversy when it comes to whether or not you should use the CHAR and NCHAR data types in Oracle at all. We will discuss why in an upcoming video. In the next video we are going to go over some specific character sets that Oracle can use. See you then! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Suppor me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 3867 Caleb Curry
Character functions in Oracle pl sql
 
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In this oracle tutorial I have tried to explain some character functions commonly used in Oracle. This functions are mainly related to string manipulation, pattern searching or matching. I have included one additional conversion function (to_date) which is to some extent linked to character functions.
Views: 1129 Subhroneel Ganguly
Oracle Tutorial || Oracle|Adv Sql | Special Characters DUAL by basha
 
30:44
DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS ,ADF,INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo......
Oracle SQL Data Conversion-Implicit Explicit
 
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Oracle SQL Data Conversion Implicit Explicit Online console used -- https://livesql.oracle.com Implicit and Explicit data conversion to_char, to_number, to_date and cast functions Queries: /*IMPLICIT DATA CONVERSION EXAMPLES*/ SELECT salary + '10' FROM hr.employees; SELECT last_name FROM hr.employees WHERE employee_id = '200'; SELECT last_name FROM hr.employees WHERE employee_id = 200; SELECT last_name FROM hr.employees WHERE hire_date = '03-MAR-97'; Create table birth(name varchar2(15), dob date); Insert into birth values ('nids', '12/jan/58'); Insert into birth values ('panda', '14/feb/48'); Insert into birth values ('Spider', '14/feb/1958'); Insert into birth values ('agnes', '14/feb/2048'); Select * from birth; SELECT to_date('12-jan-58') - to_date('14-feb-48') from DUAL; '01/01/2058','MM/DD/RRRR' 01/01/2058 '01/01/2048','MM/DD/RRRR' 01/01/2048 '01/01/48','MM/DD/RRRR' 01/01/2048 '01/01/58','MM/DD/RRRR' 1/01/1958 '01/01/48','MM/DD/YYYY' 01/01/0048 '01/01/58','MM/DD/YYYY' 01/01/0058 '01/01/58','MM/DD/YY' 01/01/2058 '01/01/48','MM/DD/YY' 01/01/2048 SELECT * FROM NLS_SESSION_PARAMETERS WHERE PARAMETER = 'NLS_DATE_FORMAT'; Alter session set nls_date_format = 'DD-MM-RRRR'; Select * from birth; alter session set nls_date_format = 'DD-MON-YYYY'; Select * from birth; ALTER session set nls_date_format = 'DD-MON-YY'; SELECT to_date('12-jan-58') - to_date('14-feb-48') from DUAL; ALTER session set nls_date_format = 'DD-MON-RR'; /*EXPLICIT DATA CONVERSION EXAMPLES*/ /*TO_CHAR, TO_DATE, TO_NUMBER*/ SELECT first_name, TO_CHAR (hire_date, 'MON DD, YYYY') HIRE_DATE, TO_CHAR (salary, '$99999.99') Salary FROM hr.employees; SELECT TO_CHAR('01110') FROM DUAL; SELECT TO_CHAR('01110' + 1) FROM DUAL; SELECT TO_DATE('2012-06-05', 'YYYY-MM-DD') FROM dual; SELECT TO_DATE( '5 Jan 2017', 'DD MON YYYY' ) FROM dual; SELECT TO_NUMBER('1210.73', '9999.99') from DUAL; SELECT TO_NUMBER('$65.169', 'L99.999') FROM DUAL; SELECT TO_NUMBER('123,456,789', '999,999,999') FROM DUAL; /*This example takes a complicated string, determines that it is in certain format, and specifies the numeric characters to use*/ SELECT TO_NUMBER('$17 218,00', 'L999G999D00',' NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS='', ''') FROM DUAL; /*CAST*/ SELECT CAST( '22-Aug-2003' AS varchar2(30) ) from dual; SELECT CAST('245.205' AS NUMBER(5,2)) FROM dual; /*      -- Result: 245.21 (note that the value is rounded, not truncated to 245.20) */ SELECT CAST(245.205 AS NUMBER(5,2)) FROM dual; SELECT CAST ('123456' AS NUMBER) + 5 FROM DUAL; SELECT CAST ('5.05.2017' AS DATE) +5 FROM DUAL; /*check the default date format. That's why it give error*/ SELECT CAST ('30-APRIL-2015' AS DATE) +5 FROM DUAL; SELECT CAST (SYSDATE AS TIMESTAMP) FROM DUAL; SELECT SYSDATE FROM DUAL;
Views: 48 Nids Dixit
SQL String Functions PART  -- 2
 
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sql String functions are used in computer programming languages to manipulate a string or query information about a string (some do both). ... The most basic example of a string function is the length(string) function. This function returns the length of a string literal.Scalar-valued UDFs are an easy way to define constant values to use in your database environment. You can pass field values as parameters into UDFs. You can nest scalar function calls. This means that you can pass a call to a scalar-valued function to another function or stored procedure.Numeric functions perform manipulation of numbers that normally are contained in a table column. ... Returns a numeric value, rounded to the specified length or precision. SIGN() SQL server, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL. Returns the positive (+1), zero (0), or negative (-1) sign of a numeric expression.A stored function (also called a user function or user-defined function) is a set of PL/SQL statements you can call by name. Stored functions are very similar to procedures, except that a function returns a value to the environment in which it is called. User functions can be used as part of a SQL expression.Function must return a value but in Stored Procedure it is optional( Procedure can return zero or n values). Functions can have only input parameters for it whereas Procedures can have input/output parameters . ... Functions can be called from Procedure whereas Procedures cannot be called from Function,The CTE was introduced into standard SQL in order to simplify various classes of SQL Queries for which a derived table just wasn't suitable. ... Introduced in SQL Server 2005, the common table expression (CTE) is a temporary named result set that you can reference within a SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement.The isDate(string, string) function accepts two string arguments. It takes them, compares the first argument with the second as a pattern and, if the first string can be converted to a date which is valid within system value of locale , according to the specified pattern , the function returns true.printf does the same, treating %s as a pointer-to-string. In C, variables that are arrays become a pointer to the first element of the array when used as function arguments -- so your scanf() sees a pointer to memory (assuming "str1" is an array). SQL - Useful Functions SQL COUNT Function - The SQL COUNT aggregate function is used to count the number of rows in a database table. SQL MAX Function - The SQL MAX aggregate function allows us to select the highest (maximum) value for a certain column. More items... SQL has many built-in functions for performing processing on string or numeric data. Following is the list of all useful SQL built-in functions − SQL COUNT Function - The SQL COUNT aggregate function is used to count the number of rows in a database table. SQL MAX Function - The SQL MAX aggregate function allows us to select the highest (maximum) value for a certain column. SQL MIN Function - The SQL MIN aggregate function allows us to select the lowest (minimum) value for a certain column. SQL - The SQL AVG aggregate function selects the average value for certain table column. SQL SUM Function - The SQL SUM aggregate function allows selecting the total for a numeric column. SQL SQRT Functions - This is used to generate a square root of a given number. SQL RAND Function - This is used to generate a random number using SQL command. SQL CONCAT Function - This is used to concatenate any string inside any SQL command. SQL Numeric Functions - Complete list of SQL functions required to manipulate numbers in SQL. SQL String Functions - Complete list of SQL functions required to manipulate strings in SQL. Returns a Unicode string with the delimiters added to make the input string a valid SQL Server delimited identifier. REPLACE. Replaces a sequence of characters in a string with another set of characters. REPLICATE. Repeats a string value a specified number of times.SQL. Character Functions with Examples. Character functions accept character inputs and can return either characters or number values as output. SQL provides a number of different character datatypes which includes – CHAR, VARCHAR, VARCHAR2, LONG, RAW, and LONG RAW.Aggregate Functions: Aggregates the values and return a single value, below is the list of some aggregate values in sql server. These functions are created by user in the system database, and we have 3 types of user define functions: Scalar Function. Inline Table-Valued Function.
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